There are many factors to take into account when carrying out a crop, below we will present a series of inescapable tips if we want to obtain good fruits from our harvest:
1.Plant outdoors in places where the plants receive direct light:
If we want to have a good harvest outdoors, it is necessary that our plants receive at least 5 hours of direct light, but the more hours of direct light the plant receives, the better and more compact it will be, since it will not need to stretch to look for sunlight.
2.Use a good substrate or soil:
The substrate we use is essential to obtain a good harvest. Investing in a quality soil will bring us a sure benefit and will save us some problems that could arise in the future, since a poor quality substrate will directly affect the yield of our crop.
3. Do not use more fertilizer than necessary:
Overfertilization is a wasteful expense that can also lead to future problems. The most common symptoms that indicate that we are fertilizing our plants in excess are that the leaves acquire the shape of claws with the tips downwards or that they begin to burn.
4. Use organic and ecological insecticide and pesticides:
Remember that the use of chemical pesticides and insecticides is not recommended since, usually, the cultivation of cannabis is aimed at its consumption, whatever the form, and the use of this type of insecticides can affect the taste and entail risks for health.
5. Monitor the PH of the water:
PH is a measure to determine the level of acidity, in this case, of the water. Controlling and correcting the PH of the water will allow our plants to assimilate the maximum of nutrients. The pH of the water in our plants should range between 5.8 and 6.8 depending on whether they are in the growth or flowering phase .
6. Water as many times as necessary:
Like excess fertilizers , excess water can also lead to problems for plants such as root rot due to standing water. No more watering than necessary.
7. Use suitable lamps:
Not just any light will work for growing cannabis, so before you start growing you have to find out which is the right lamp for growing. Paying close attention to the spectrum and wattage of the lamps and making sure you are using the correct one can be the difference between success and failure.
8. Prevent light leakage:
During the 12 hours of darkness in the flowering phase in indoor cultivation : if we do not make sure that during the 12 hours of darkness no light is filtered from outside, our plants will not flower. The alternation between hours of light and hours of darkness is what tells the plants that the growth period is over and they should begin to flower. If we do not guarantee hours of total darkness, our plant will continue with the growth phase and will not flower.
9. Control and eliminate males and hermaphrodites:
From our cultivation: the presence of males or hermaphrodites could spoil our cultivation if we do not eliminate them in time, since they would pollinate our female plants causing them to produce seeds. Controlling the environmental conditions of our cultivation so as not to generate stress to the plants will avoid, among others, the presence of hermaphrodites in our cultivation.
10. Do not prune uncontrollably:
Pruning or cutting the leaves of the plants without knowing for what purpose and how it should be done correctly can harm it, since the leaves are reserves of nutrients that the plants can use in case of deficiencies.
11. Cut the plants in due time:
Before harvesting we must make sure that it is the right time, for this, the most reliable method is to observe if the trichomes of the plant are at their optimum point of maturation, for this a magnifying glass will be necessary. We can also be guided by the color of the pistils (when they turn dark orange or brown) and by the references of the seed bank. However, to make sure we harvest at the right time, trichomes should be observed.
12. Dry and cure properly:
Although everyone has ever smoked their harvest ahead of time, if we want to enjoy it 100%, it is vital that we dry and cure our flowers properly. First, we must dry the buds in a cool, dry, dark place with a little ventilation (but without drafts) for 15-20 days. When the branches crack without breaking, we must put the buds to cure in airtight jars or wooden boxes. During the curing process we must open and close our cans every day for approximately 15-20 days, although the curing process can take much longer.
13. Do not smoke moldy plants:
Although it seems obvious, many growers are reluctant to dispose of buds or plants that have suffered from mold or rot. It is a serious mistake and a huge nonsense, since the consumption of the plant in these conditions can lead to serious problems for our health such as lung infections.
14. Not giving information about our crop:
Although we really want to tell everyone what we are up to, giving information to third parties about our cultivation is a very serious mistake since it could receive visits from unwelcome people such as thieves or the police themselves.
15. Ignore urban legends:
Many times you receive advice about the crop that can be detrimental to it, so if you have not verified the information with a reliable source, do not do it. We have all heard about putting a trippy in the stem of the plant and atrocities like that, nothing is further from the truth.